Condition in which veins have difficulties in returning blood to heart from legs is known as venous insufficiency. If the condition continue for a prolong period it result in Chronic Venous Insufficiency which subsequently leads to multiple disease and complications.
The World Health Organisation defines varicose veins as “Saccular dilatation of the veins which are often tortuous.”Spider veins Reticular veins Feeder veins Varicose veins Swelling of the lower legs Lipodermatoslerosis Ulcer and open sores
Hyperpigmentation In CVI
Hyperpigmentation is darken patches than the surrounding skin or nail colour initiated by sun burn, inflammation and skin injury by increased melanin.
Ulcers are wounds which are not caused due to external injury rather caused as a complication of any persisting condition or disease. Pathology is complex and multifactorial, involves genetic, physiological, environmental, hormones, hormones, cellular, endothelial dysfunction,
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is the manifestation of Venous thromboembolism (VTE) i.e., blood clot / clots in one or more deep vein, incidences of 8 to 20% is seen. Most commonly the calf or thigh leading to symptoms like pain, swelling,
Lipodermatosclerosis is inflammatory skin condition of legs, due to inflammation of fat layer beneath skin with underlying cause of “chronic venous insufficiency”. As it results in subcutaneous fibrosis, it is also known as sclerosing panniculitis and hypodermitis sclerodermaformis.